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Rats & Mice

Common Rat or Brown Rat

RatThe common rat is considered a public health pest because of its adverse effects upon human populations. Rats have been responsible for the spread of various diseases to people and domestic animals. The common rat is of particular importance because of this close association with humans. Amongst the many diseases carried by rats, Plague is the most infamous. It is caused by a bacterium that is transmitted to humans from fleas. In Britain today, there are other rodent-borne diseases of more immediate concern. For example, Leptospirosis commonly referred to as 'Weils disease', pronounced veils. The disease is transmitted to humans in the urine of infected rats. It is usually associated with watercourses, sewage systems, and cesspools, even moist soil where there is an infestation of rats. Another disease of particular importance is Salmonella. Other rodent-borne diseases include rat-bite fever and typhoid. Parasites caused by rats include ringworm, roundworm, mites, tapeworm, ticks and fleas.

Typical characteristics and breeding activity for an adult Common Rat

Head & Body Length

Weight

Sexually Mature

Litter Size

200 to 270 mm

335 g

8 to 12 weeks

6 to 11


Common House Mouse

MouseThe house mouse is of particular importance because of its close association with humans and the relative ease it can spread disease among people, animals and foodstuffs. Mice are capable of causing almost as much damage and pose just as great a risk to health as the rat. This is due to its habit of nibbling small amounts of a wide variety of foodstuffs and urinating over a great deal more. Parasites caused by mice include ringworm, mites, tapeworm and ticks.

Typical characteristics and breeding activity for an adult Common Mouse

Head & Body Length

Weight

Sexually Mature

Litter Size

70 to 90 mm

15 g

8 to 12 weeks

5 to 6

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